Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

The radical changes and successive developments have managed to change the face of medicine in the modern world, and recent years have witnessed this by relying significantly on medical technology; then it started gradually increasing until the emergence of a new term “artificial intelligence in medicine” which aims to explore the human body and finding successful ways to overcome diseases that are still killing people.

Artificial intelligence in medicine is a modern concept in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in a smart manner according to the highest technical standards and the latest technological practices, and is like a revolution in the health sector aiming to serve patients in the health sector according to the highest technological standards in the field of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence techniques have been integrated in many medical aspects to achieve major steps through the great demand of medical companies to invest in this field, after it was found that it will reduce the cost of healthcare on the long run and will improve the performance and efficiency of hospitals and clinics as well as reduce the risk of death due to wrong diagnosis and misuse of drugs. The recently designed technologies can diagnose diseases early and reduce health expenditure. This progress in artificial intelligence has opened new possibilities for “personal medicine” and has also allowed for accelerated research. Artificial intelligence can also play a role in the prevention of several diseases by providing medical file analysis and test results.

Doctors are very important

Of course, doctors are very important because the device cannot provide the psychological support and sympathy provided by the doctor through his ability to relieve tension and anxiety; the machine is also unable to introduce new ideas for a new disease that has suddenly emerged, or suggest new medicines.

In this context, we must stress that the medical profession is constantly evolving and doctors must keep abreast of this development through training and following up on the latest technologies in order to know how to deal with them, artificial intelligence is one of them, but the doctor’s skill remains the most important.

Robots

The medical sector can significantly benefit from artificial intelligence that simulates the human mind. A robot, for instance, is a machine that acts like a human, responds to some of the sound effects and stores information. Robots are also used during surgery, called “robotic surgery”. It is an advanced form of minimally invasive or laparoscopic (small incision) surgery where surgeons use a computer-controlled robot to assist them in certain surgical procedures. The robot’s “hands” have a high degree of dexterity, allowing surgeons the ability to operate in very tight spaces in the body that would otherwise only be accessible through open (long incision) surgery. Remote surgery (also known as telesurgery) is the ability for a doctor to perform surgery on a patient even though they are not physically in the same location. It is a form of telepresence. Remote surgery requires the availability of the latest communication technology and the effective exchange of management information systems. Other future applications include the implementation of microprocessors or secondary treatments in the body to perform medical and surgical functions, as well as the use of biological sensors that can read and convert responses to natural and chemical changes for patients with chronic diseases.

Telemedicine

Information and communications technology in the field of health and telemedicine aims to increase access to quality health services for people in rural areas in order to reduce treatment and travel expenses while helping the patient avoid the difficult access to treatment centers in the cities. Hospitals can be linked to each other through a communications network that enables doctors to diagnose diseases by sharing photos and reports as well as providing medical advice in complicated cases. On a related note, artificial intelligence can diagnose diseases from telltale groups of symptoms, strange patterns in blood tests, and the subtle abnormalities that cells display as a disease begins takes hold. Time and again, AI systems are found to pick up signs of illness that are unknown to doctors, making the AIs more accurate as a result. Earlier this year, researchers at Nottingham University trained several AIs to spot people at risk of heart attack and found that all of them performed better than doctors. Another AI built at Stanford University in California has learned to spot breast cancer in biopsy tissues.

Improving management and collecting information 

The management of hospitals and the establishment of systems, rules and data within the hospital have greatly benefited from the organization of work and improvement of management by providing the possibility of collecting information about patients and their medical condition, which helps in obtaining medical statistics, as well as the opportunity to have an accurate diagnosis thanks to the doctor’s full access to the patient’s file in details for optimal diagnosis. These state-of-the-art systems in hospitals have contributed to enhancing the ability to have an accurate diagnosis and avoid the random drug prescription as well as avoid adverse reactions that may occur.

Smart Capsule

Ingestible capsules have the potential to revolutionize the prevention and diagnosis of gut disorders and diseases. Capsule endoscopy is a medical procedure which allows your physician to visualize parts of your gastrointestinal tract. The GI tract is a part of the digestive system and extends from the mouth to the anus.

Small bowel capsule endoscopy enables your doctor to examine the three portions of your small intestine. Your doctor will use a vitamin-sized pill video capsule as an endoscope, which has its own camera and light source. While the video capsule travels through your body, images are sent to a data recorder you will wear on a waist belt. Most patients consider the test comfortable. Afterwards, your doctor will view the images on a video monitor.

This helps your doctor determine the cause for recurrent or persistent symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, bleeding or anemia, in most cases where other diagnostic procedures failed to determine the reason for your symptoms. In certain chronic gastrointestinal diseases, the method can help to evaluate the extent to which your small intestine is involved or to monitor the effect of therapeutics. 

The smart capsule is ingested and passes naturally through your digestive tract while transmitting video images to a data recorder worn on a belt for approximately eight to twelve hours as directed by your provider. You will be able to eat four hours after swallowing the capsule ingestion unless your doctor instructs you otherwise. The capsule is disposable and passes naturally with your bowel movement. You should not feel any pain or discomfort during capsule excretion.

The UAE was one of the first countries in the Arab world to adopt the strategy of artificial intelligence in the health sector through the adoption of UAE’s artificial intelligence strategy in several vital sectors in the country, namely, the health sector by reducing serious and chronic diseases. The UAE is one of the most prepared countries in the region to adopt AI technology because the government has already built a thorough technology infrastructure over the past two decades. The UAE was the first country in the region to adopt e-government services which quickly transformed into a Smart Government system in 2013. This was also a first in the region and was part of Sheikh Mohammed’s vision to provide the country with the highest and most efficient services and quality of life.

Most of the radiology departments in UAE hospitals will rely on artificial intelligence in 2025, which will open wider fields of diagnosis and reduce the error rate.

Artificial Intelligence in the UAE

A global hub for artificial intelligence and telemedicine

The UAE Ministry of Health and Community Protection has started using Tele-ICU in its affiliated hospitals. The Tele-ICU program is a quantum leap in the ICU departments by providing remote intensive care consultations and telemedicine, an innovative means of clinical communication between reference and public hospitals, in order to overcome the obstacle of distance, from the adoption of the principle of creativity and innovation to raise the level of its various services.

Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA) plans to apply artificial intelligence to the UAE and the region, and has begun developing future strategies for artificial intelligence and launch of global products in this field, making Abu Dhabi a global hub for artificial intelligence and telemedicine. It is currently in the process of preparing for the application of artificial intelligence and its uses in a holistic manner in all medical fields at all levels in its facilities by simulating the human mind and harnessing technology in the accomplishment of medical tasks, developing diagnosis, remote patient monitoring, micro-surgeries, early detection of diseases in general and cancer in particular, in addition to analyzing medical information and giving advice to decision-makers to help them improve and develop services and draw future expectations in different fields. Artificial intelligence can be used to make a record that helps the staff by facilitating and speeding up registration, monitoring vital signs, communicating with the patient directly by asking them questions, learning from their answers and developing unique products.